Toni Morrison was an American novelist, essayist, book editor.and college professor.In 1993, she received the Nobel Prize in Literature. she’s full named was Chloe Ardelia Wofford her Nick name was toni. Toni Morrison born on February 18, 1931 in lorain Ohio United States, His father’s name was George Offord and mother’s name was Ramah Offord.
Tony Morrison was born in a poor house, she father was a poor man, his father did a lot of jobs to raise his family. and Also worked as a welder in US Steel, Tony Morrison’s mother was a homemaker lady and was also a devout member of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. Toni Morrison belong to live was a poor family, so she also faced a lot of hardships in her life. When Toni was 2 years old, the landlord of set his house on fire Just because they didn’t pay rent for that month. Everyone was present in the house when the house was set on fire and everyone hardship saved their his lives.
At the age of 12, she became a Catholic and was baptismal and given a name which was Anthony
Toni Morrison was fond of reading literature since childhood,Toni read to her favorite Jane Austen and Leo Tolstoy at a child age. Toni enrolled in Lorain High School
Along with studying in school, she also used to work in the homes of others.For which he used to get dollars a week. Toni took admission in Howard University in 1949
In 1953, her completed her B.A English.
In 1955, he took admission in Cornell University to earn her Master of Arts degree. The topic of his Master’s thesis was “Virginia Woolf s and Willam Faulkner’s treatment of the alienated” From 1955 to 1957, Toni Morrison taught English as a teacher at Texas Southern University. After this he also taught at Harvard University for seven years.During her teaching career at Howard University, she met Harold Morrison, a Jamaican architect.
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Toni Morrison, married Harold Morrison in 1958. Toni first son was born in 1961. Toni and Harold got divorced in 1964. The divorce happened when Toni was about to give birth to a second child.In 1965, Tonyi second son was born, his name was Slade
In 1965, Toni worked as an editor for L.W. Singer.Toni then worked on Black Literature.
And played an important role to bring it in this mainstream.
In 1970, her wrote his first novel, “The Bluest Eye”.This novel did not sale so much at first but later the City University of New York and many other colleges took this novel to their Black Studies Included in the department’s curriculum, due to which its sales increased
Tony Morrison wrote her novel Sula in 1973 which was about the friendship of two black women This novel was nominated for the National Book Award in 1975.
Morrison wrote her novel Song of Solomon in 1977 Later this novel received the National Book Critics Circle Award.In 1979, Barnard College gave her its highest honor, the Barnard Medal of Distinction.In 1981 she wrote her novel Tar Baby
In 1987, she wrote her most famous novel Beloved.
beloved novel received Pulitzer prize of fiction award and also received anisfield-wolf book award
she wrote two more novels on Beloved, so these three novels are called Beloved Trilogy.
Beloved the first novel of the beloved trilogy, was written in 1987.
jazz the second novel of the beloved trilogy, was written in 1992.
paradise the third novel of the beloved trilogy, was written in 1998.
Toni Morrison Steps into Literary Criticism in 1992 and her first Literary Criticism book published whose name was
playing in the dark whiteness and the literary imagination
Toni Morrison received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1993
From 1997 to 2003, Toni held the position of Andrew D.White Professor at Large at Cornell University
In 1999, Morrison also worked on Children’s Literature, her co-wrote several works with her son Slade.
in which included
the big box
the book of mean people and little cloud and lady wind
Toni wrote her novel “Love” in 2003
This was her first novel after Paradise
Her son Slade died on 22 December 2010 due to pancreatic cancer.
Slade age was 45 years at the time of death.
Morrison was deeply saddened by the death of her son and stopped work on her novel “Home”.
And later Morrison completed her novel Home and dedicated it to her son Slade.
5 August 2019 in New York due to pneumonia
Her was 88 years old at the time of her death.At the time of her death, her net worth was 20 million dollars.
A tribute was kept in his memory on 21 November 2019.
And this tribute was performed in the Cathedral of St. John the Divine.